Math 3-6

Peer Teaching


Having students teach their knowledge, skills, and understanding to their classmates strengthens learning. Preparing to teach and then explaining a concept in their own words improves students' clarity of understanding and Math Communication skills, as well as supports greater retention in Long-term Memory.


References: Peer Teaching
Abdelkarim, R. E., & Abuiyada, R. (2016). The effect of peer teaching on mathematics academic achievement of the undergraduate students in Oman. International Education Studies, 9(5), 124-132.

Dueck, G. (1993). Picture Peer Partner Learning: Students Learning from and with Each Other: Instructional Strategies Series No. 10. Regina, Saskatchewan: Saskatchewan Professional Development Unit/Saskatchewan Instructional Development and Research Unit, University of Regina.

Alegre, F., Moliner, L., Maroto, A., & Lorenzo-Valentin, G. (2018). Peer tutoring in mathematics in primary education: A systematic review. Educational Review, 1-26.

Gutierrez, R. (2012). Context matters: How should we conceptualize equity in mathematics education?. In Herbel-Eisenmann, B., Choppin, J., Wagner, D., & Pimm, D. (Eds.) Equity in discourse for mathematics education (pp. 17-33). Dordrecht: Springer.

TeachThought Staff. (2017, August 28). The definition of peer teaching: A sampling of existing research [Blog post].

Toumasis, C. (1990). Peer teaching in mathematics classrooms: A case study._ For the Learning of Mathematics_, 10(2), 31-36.

Whitman, N. A., & Fife, J. D. (1988). Peer teaching: To teach is to learn twice__ (__ASHE-ERIC Higher Education Report No. 4). Washington, DC: The George Washington University.

Use It in the Classroom

  • Teachers can invite students to give a presentation to the whole class or to teach in coordination with them to foster the student teachers' confidence and Math Mindset. Teachers can also set up math centers where a student teaches, with the classroom teacher's support, a concept to a group of students who are still developing their understanding of the concept. (Note: We emphasize teachers' active involvement in peer teaching because it is critical for them to know if students teach material accurately so that they can support the student teacher's and their classmates' understanding.)
  • Design It into Your Product

  • Products can include features where students explain concepts to a fictional character that asks questions as a way to ensure mastery as well as more focused Attention. Products can also provide audio and video tools for students to record their lessons for classmates to learn from.
  • Factors Supported by this Strategy