Having students teach their knowledge, skills, and understanding to their classmates strengthens learning. Preparing to teach and then explaining a concept in their own words improves students' clarity of understanding and Math Communication skills, as well as supports greater retention in Long-term Memory.
References: Peer Teaching
Abdelkarim, R. E., & Abuiyada, R. (2016). The effect of peer teaching on mathematics academic achievement of the undergraduate students in Oman. International Education Studies, 9(5), 124-132.
Dueck, G. (1993). Picture Peer Partner Learning: Students Learning from and with Each Other: Instructional Strategies Series No. 10. Regina, Saskatchewan: Saskatchewan Professional Development Unit/Saskatchewan Instructional Development and Research Unit, University of Regina.
Alegre, F., Moliner, L., Maroto, A., & Lorenzo-Valentin, G. (2018). Peer tutoring in mathematics in primary education: A systematic review. Educational Review, 1-26.
Gutierrez, R. (2012). Context matters: How should we conceptualize equity in mathematics education?. In Herbel-Eisenmann, B., Choppin, J., Wagner, D., & Pimm, D. (Eds.) Equity in discourse for mathematics education (pp. 17-33). Dordrecht: Springer.
TeachThought Staff. (2017, August 28). The definition of peer teaching: A sampling of existing research [Blog post].
Toumasis, C. (1990). Peer teaching in mathematics classrooms: A case study._ For the Learning of Mathematics_, 10(2), 31-36.
Whitman, N. A., & Fife, J. D. (1988). Peer teaching: To teach is to learn twice__ (__ASHE-ERIC Higher Education Report No. 4). Washington, DC: The George Washington University.