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Reading PK-3

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Reading PK-3 > Factors

Reading PK-3

Hover over the factors below to see their connections to each other. Then click to learn how each affects reading outcomes and to explore relevant strategies.

Factors

Reading PK-3

Early language experiences lay the foundation for reading.

Reading development is rooted in children’s early language experiences, nurtured by their Home Literacy Environment.

  • A stimulating environment with read-alouds from a rich library is related to higher levels of children's Motivation.

Building students’ Vocabulary and Background Knowledge is key to supporting comprehension of both fiction and non-fiction texts.

Students develop the building blocks for reading.

Children use their Alphabet Knowledge and Phonological Awareness to start Decoding—the ability to sound out words.

  • Explicit phonics instruction, which helps learners figure out unfamiliar words, can be combined with whole language approaches to bring these skills together with meaningful texts.

Reading fluency—students’ ability to read quickly, accurately, and expressively—develops along with their Sight Recognition and confidence.

  • Daily reviews and classroom activities such as word sorts can help students recognize patterns and become independent readers.

Supporting cognitive abilities can enhance learning.

Students’ Working Memory and Verbal Reasoning support their reading comprehension by helping them make inferences and connections.

Young students may also need support in sustaining their Attention for learning.

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Students develop the building blocks for reading.

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Supporting cognitive abilities can enhance learning.

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Early language experiences lay the foundation for reading.

View Theme 1